Matthew effect, polarization phenomenon

 The Matthew effect refers to a phenomenon in which the strong become stronger and the weak become weaker. These phenomena are widely used in psychology, education, finance, and science in society. The Matthew effect is also the main term commonly used by sociologists and economists. The social phenomenon they reflect refers to the very serious polarization, the rich get richer, and the poor poorer. The name is mainly derived from a fable in the New Testament Matthew. If there is something, we will give it to him twice and make him extra. But no, even all his things have to be snatched. The Matthew effect coincides with the way of balance. It is very similar to the twenty-eight rule, and it is also a very important natural law. The ancient Chinese philosopher Lao Tzu once put forward a similar thought: "The way of the heavens is more than the damage and the insufficiency is made up. The way of the man is not the same, and the damage is not enough to give the more.

       The Matthew effect refers to the extreme polarization that exists. In 1968, Robert K. Merton, a researcher on the history of science in the United States, proposed this term and used it to summarize such a psychosocial phenomenon. It is mainly relative to those unknown researchers, and prominent scientists usually get more prestige. Even their achievements are very similar, so in the same way, on a project, the so-called reputation is usually given to some researchers who are already famous. The Matthew effect summarized by Robert Morton is mainly for any individual, group or region, because in a certain aspect, such as money, reputation, status, etc., will achieve certain success and relative progress, so it will also produce a kind of The main advantage of accumulated experience, but also there will be some more opportunities to achieve greater success and progress.

      The Matthew effect, as soon as this term is introduced, will be used by people in economics, and it also reflects a major phenomenon in which the distribution of incomes in economics where winner-takes-all economics is quite unfair. Because this term is often used in social psychology. So regardless of the positive and negative effects. On the positive side, as long as a person keeps working hard and keeps his will stronger, he will be encouraged to a certain extent in the process of his gradual strengthening, and he will become stronger and stronger. But on the negative side, this is because only the majority of people in society do not have the perseverance to become strong, and the Matthew effect will become an excuse to escape reality and refuse to work hard. As long as your attitude is more proactive and persistent, then you will gain some spiritual or material wealth. After acquiring real wealth, your attitude will further strengthen your proactiveness. If this cycle, you His talents will maximize the true effect of the Matthew effect.

      The name Matthew Effect comes from a parable in the Bible "New Testament: Gospel of Matthew": In the past, a king had to go on a long journey. Before he left, he gave three servants a silver coin each. , And ordered: "You all use it to do business, and when I come back, you will see me again." When the king came back, the first servant said: "Master, the silver you gave me, I I have earned 10 ingots." So the king rewarded him with 10 cities. The second servant continued to report: "Master, I have earned 5 coins for the silver you gave me." So the king rewarded him with 5 cities. The third servant reported: "Master, the one silver coin you gave me was always wrapped in a handkerchief. I was afraid of losing it, so I never took it out. So the king ordered the third servant’s 1 coin is directly rewarded to the first servant. He said: "Anyone who earns a little, even his part, will be completely taken away. Anyone who earns a lot should not only give him more, and ask him to get more, the better. "This is the Matthew effect, and it also reflects a common phenomenon in today's society, that is, winner takes all.

      The phenomenon of the Matthew effect shows that this is fundamentally incompatible with the harmonious society we are building. Because the income disparity is too large, it will have a certain impact on the cohesion of the society and the cohesion of the nation. Therefore, if the main imbalance of income distribution is not resolved as soon as possible, it will have an extremely unfavorable impact on the construction of a harmonious civilized society, and it must also attract high attention from all quarters. The government should also further increase the distribution of income and intensify the implementation of major policy adjustments, so that the income gap between residents can be directly controlled within a more reasonable range. The Matthew effect can be expressed, and it directly causes some stock prices to deviate from the basic value and rise sharply or start to fall deeply, soar and plummet.

      The Matthew effect and the extraordinary rise and fall of stock prices are also the main results of the internal operating rules of the stock market, so it will become an inevitable or conventional form of operation of the stock market. Because the stock market will inevitably be speculative and will inevitably be extremely turbulent, the stock market will always be a major place where some price differences can be obtained. After the stock market has experienced a strong or weak Matthew-like imbalance cycle, it may directly enter another reverse Matthew cycle, or it may directly enter a state of temporary equilibrium. The main reason for the suspension of the Matthew cycle is that if the price rises are stopped, it is usually due to a subsequent depletion of funds, or a high market risk formed by a high price, and a sudden bad news. Too many accumulated profit chips, etc. If it is the cessation of the price drop, it is more because the price has entered the value area of ​​the investment, and the stimulus of sudden bullish news, due to the accumulation of too many or too deep chips, and so on.

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